新手问题 如何在 Rails 中避免这个 N+1 Query 查询

flowerains · 发布于 2017年07月16日 · 最后由 flowerains 回复于 2017年07月16日 · 551 次阅读
16370

现在已经有个这样的关联关系

# 用户
class User < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :group_users
  has_many :groups, through: :group_users
  has_many :messages
end

# 小组
class Group < ApplicationRecord
  has_many :group_users
  has_many :users ,through: :group_users
  has_many :messages
end

# 小组消息
class Message < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :group
  belongs_to :user
end

# 小组和成员的关联表
class GroupUser < ApplicationRecord
  belongs_to :group
  belongs_to :user
end

我在ERB模板里面写了这样一句,目的是获取当前这条消息所在小组的所有用户的名称,并且使用','连接他们

<% @messages.each do |message| %>
<strong>Group Chat: <%=  message.group.users.map(&:name).join(',')%></strong><br/>
<% end %>

这样子会产生大量的N+1 query查询

SELECT  "groups".* FROM "groups" WHERE "groups"."id" = $1 LIMIT $2  [["id", 1], ["LIMIT", 1]]
SELECT "users".* FROM "users" INNER JOIN "group_users" ON "users"."id" = "group_users"."user_id" WHERE "group_users"."group_id" = $1  [["group_id", 1]]
SELECT  "groups".* FROM "groups" WHERE "groups"."id" = $1 LIMIT $2  [["id", 2], ["LIMIT", 1]]
SELECT "users".* FROM "users" INNER JOIN "group_users" ON "users"."id" = "group_users"."user_id" WHERE "group_users"."group_id" = $1  [["group_id", 2]]

那么,请问如何避免这种N+1 query查询,或者最好的做法是怎样,请指教?

共收到 5 条回复
96

includes

24025

给你一个 includes 的对比. order belongs_to user

不用includes

 orders=Order.first 10
SELECT  `orders`.* FROM `orders` ORDER BY `orders`.`id` ASC LIMIT 10
 orders.each {|o| puts o.user.id}
SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 34 LIMIT 1
34
  User Load (0.3ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 60 LIMIT 1
60
  User Load (0.2ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 63 LIMIT 1
63
  User Load (0.1ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 63 LIMIT 1
63
  User Load (0.2ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 63 LIMIT 1
63
  User Load (0.2ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 63 LIMIT 1
63
  User Load (0.1ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 63 LIMIT 1
63
  User Load (0.2ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 63 LIMIT 1
63
  User Load (0.2ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 63 LIMIT 1
63
  User Load (0.1ms)  SELECT  `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` = 73 LIMIT 1
73

用includes

orders=Order.includes(:user).first 10
  Order Load (0.3ms)  SELECT  `orders`.* FROM `orders` ORDER BY `orders`.`id` ASC LIMIT 10
  User Load (0.3ms)  SELECT `users`.* FROM `users` WHERE `users`.`id` IN (34, 60, 63, 73)
orders.each {|o| puts o.user.id}
34
60
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
73
16370

3Q,感谢各位~

16370 flowerains 关闭了讨论 07月16日 17:27
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